A late, irregular, or missed period can indicate anything from simple stress or a serious medical condition. Most women usually have periods after every 28 days and any menstruation cycle ranging from 21 to 35 days is considered normal. A slight change in the cycle can be due to a change in an exercise regime, illness, stress, or minor hormonal imbalance and aren’t that worrisome. Moreover, if you are either experiencing the beginning of the cycle or menopause you are supposed to experience irregular periods as your body is going through a change. Some of the reasons for late and irregular periods are.
Obesity or low body weight
While in skinny girls body starts depleting in terms of energy to keep up with the process of ovulation, on the ﬂip side imbalance in hormones can lead to irregular periods in overweight women. Thus, maintaining a healthy BMI is suggested.
Stress is not mere uninstalling your Whats App or Instagram, it may take a severe shape by affecting the functioning of the hypothalamus- the part of the brain that is responsible for regulating the periods. Moreover, stress can impact your weight loss or gain that will lead to an imbalance in the mensuration cycle. If you haven’t been taking care of yourself lately add up some meditation and exercise in your schedule.
During PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) your body starts producing more male hormones and cysts in the ovaries form due to this hormonal imbalance and makes ovulation irregular.
If you are on birth control pills
If you keep going on and off on birth control pills, you may experience a change in your mensuration cycle. Birth control pills are rich in hormones like progestin and estrogen that helps in preventing your ovaries from releasing an egg. Moreover, other kinds of birth control that are either injected or implanted can also cause a missed periods too.
Unlike other women who experience menopause at the age between 45-55, some experience it around their early 40s’. If the periods are being irregular or missed and you are around the 40s’ you might be just experiencing early menopause. However, getting a period after a year of menopause is called for an immediate medical checkup
Thyroid issues and chronic diseases
Long-lasting diseases like celiac disease and diabetes can also impact your menstrual cycle and can easily be cured with medical aids. Moreover, an underactive or overactive thyroid gland could also be responsible for missed or late periods. These issues can be treated with proper medication and your periods are likely to return normal.
When to schedule a doctor’s visit?
In most cases, irregular or missed periods are normal and are not to be worried much about but you must seek a doctor’s visit if you experience unusually heavy bleeding, nausea, bleeding that lasts longer than seven days, high fever, or extreme pain.